|Impact of counselor race and power base on black and white college students - Peddle, Mark J|
Keywords: Student counselors; Race relations; Interpersonal attraction
|ERIC ED196075: Interpersonal Perceptions and Relationship--Types. - ERIC|
A study examined the relationship of interpersonal perceptual variables to communication contexts, specifically relationship types. The variables examined were (1) interpersonal solidarity, (2) perceived homophily, (3) uncertainty reduction, (4) feeling good, (5) interpersonal attraction, (6) relational safety, and (7) self-disclosure. The communication context relationship types were intimate, friendship, casual acquaintance, and business/professional...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitudes; Communication Research; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Perception
|Proxemic determinants of perceived communicator characteristics and attitude change - Riess, Marc|
Keywords: Persuasion (Psychology; Interpersonal attraction; Personal space; Body language
|Physical appearance and personality - Knight, Mary-Somers|
Submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements of Sweet Briar College for the degree with honors in Psychology
Keywords: Sweet Briar College; Body image; Interpersonal attraction; Beauty, Personal
|ERIC ED315713: Different Views of Love: Deductive and Inductive Inquiry and the Implications of Research Findings for Counseling. - ERIC|
The fact that love is so fundamental to the human experience and can affect clients in so many ways suggests that counselors may frequently encounter clients seeking assistance with problems involving love, and that counselors may consequently be interested in scientific inquiry regarding the nature and experience of love. This paper reviews two distinct scenarios of inquiry (deductive and inductive) regarding the nature of love...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Book Reviews; Counseling; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Love; Scientific Methodology; Sexuality
|ERIC ED328812: Casual Dating Dissolution: A Typology. - ERIC|
Although there are many typologies of relationship development and love, it is frequently assumed that all break-ups are alike. This longitudinal study examined persons' cognitions regarding early relationship interactions and/or observations which caused them to think about the viability of the relationship. The role of causal attributions in the dissolution of casual-dating relationships was explored and led to the development of the typology of casual-dating dissolution...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Dating (Social); Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Longitudinal Studies; Social Life
|ERIC ED326793: Relationship Satisfaction and Attentiveness to Alternatives. - ERIC|
Social exchange theory asserts that satisfaction is not the only factor that determines whether relationships last. Whether or not individuals are happy, interactions are evaluated using a comparison level for alternatives that describes the quality of outcomes judged to be available in the other partnerships. In this study, college students (N=137) provided detailed descriptions of their current romances that delineated their current satisfaction, and attention to and evaluation of the alternat...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Dating (Social); Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Satisfaction
|ERIC ED344138: Self-Esteem and Attitudes toward Love in Abused and Non-Abused Women. - ERIC|
This study sought to identify personality differences in abused versus non-abused women. Abused women (N=25) were from several centers for abused women and non-abused women (N=39) were students in evening psychology classes. All subjects completed Rubin's Love Scale, the abbreviated Dominance and Romanticism Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and questions about emotional and physical abuse and personal history...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitudes; Battered Women; College Students; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Love; Personality Traits; Self Esteem
|ERIC ED371427: Love Styles, Self-Monitoring, and Relational Message Interpretation: What's Being in Love Got To Do with It? - ERIC|
A study tested the notion that falling in love causes changes in love styles, relational message interpretations, and personality characteristics such as self-monitoring. Subjects, 209 undergraduate communication students, completed measures of love styles, self-monitoring, and relational message interpretations. In addition, participants indicated whether or not they were in love. Participation for students partially fulfilled a research requirement for either a public speaking or interpersonal...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Correlation; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Love; Self Management; Undergraduate Students
|ERIC ED244745: The Relationship between Attractiveness and Social Participation in Preschool Age Children. - ERIC|
A total of 42 middle-class preschool children (23 boys and 19 girls) ranging in age from 33 to 68 months were studied to determine whether facial attractiveness was related to level of social participation (i.e., the degree to which children played near and interacted with each other). According to a time-sampling procedure, each child was observed on 5 separate days during free play. Attractive girls were found to engage in more interactive play, while less-attractive girls engaged in more noni...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Comparative Analysis; Interpersonal Attraction; Preschool Children; Preschool Education; Social Attitudes; Social Isolation; Student Participation
|ERIC ED258288: Control and Affiliation: A Two Dimensional Approach to Relational Communication. - ERIC|
Interpersonal behavior has been observed in a number of studies, and yet the two relational issues of control and affiliation are commonly reflected in all of them. Relational control includes such behaviors as dominance, assertiveness, retiring, and following, while relational affiliation includes involvement, acceptance, friendliness, and affection and association, and their opposites of aloofness, rejection, unfriendliness, hate, and disassociation...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Communication Skills; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Interpersonal Relationship; Research Needs; Speech Communication
|ERIC ED237239: Viewing Attractiveness Socialization from a Social Network Perspective. - ERIC|
Providing a framework for a symposium exploring the influence of physical attractiveness on the socialization process, this paper (1) offers a working definition of physical attractiveness, (2) reviews stereotypes associated with attractiveness, and (3) discusses a social network perspective on the influence of attractiveness. Physical attractiveness is conceptualized as being a personal physionomic attribute achieving status as high, moderate, or low as a function of cultural criteria...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Children; Cultural Influences; Definitions; Interpersonal Attraction; Physical Characteristics; Social Networks; Socialization; Stereotypes
|ERIC ED276946: Interpersonal Attraction as a Function of Appearance and Competition. - ERIC|
While the influence of competence on interpersonal attraction has been examined from several perspectives, the attraction literature is relatively silent with respect to competitive interactions between the sexes. A study was conducted to examine the roles of competence and physical appearance in liking responses. Male (N=43) and female (N=53) college students competed in a staged quiz against a "pretty" or "plain" female confederate, the level of attractiveness predetermined by grooming and mod...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Competence; Competition; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Physical Characteristics
|ERIC ED280117: A Burkean Perspective of Romantic Jealousy. - ERIC|
Kenneth Burke's dramatistic theory of social movements can be applied to current romantic jealousy theories. Burke's dramaturgy has seven major elements: order, guilt, negation, victimage, mortification, catharsis, and redemption. These elements may all be transposed onto Burke's three critical motives: Order (status quo), Secret (differences between partners), and Kill (changing the old order for a new one)...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication (Thought Transfer); Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Interpersonal Relationship; Jealousy; Rhetoric; Rhetorical Criticism
|ERIC ED193705: On the Ephemeral Nature of the Relationship between Attitude Similarity and Interpersonal Attraction during Initial Encounters. - ERIC|
A study was conducted to identify the independent and conjoint influence of attitude similarity and initial interactions on interpersonal attraction to relative strangers. The 124 college students who were participants in the study were informed that they would be working on a project with either an attitudinally similar or dissimilar stranger (based on an attitudinal measure previously administered)...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitudes; Communication Research; Higher Education; Interaction; Interaction Process Analysis; Interpersonal Attraction; Speech Communication
|ERIC ED335581: The Effects of Attitude Similarity and Utility on Liking for a Stranger: Measurement of Attraction with the IJS. - ERIC|
Research has demonstrated that attraction to a stranger is a function of the proportion of similar attitudes reported by that stranger. Traditional theories of attraction do not usually differentiate between respect or esteem for another and liking. This study used a 2 x 2 factorial experiment to test the hypothesis that the desire to work with someone does not necessarily imply liking. The similarity of another's attitudes to those of the subject (similar or dissimilar) and the major of a bogus...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Females; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Peer Relationship; Undergraduate Students
|ERIC ED244165: Need for Privacy and Its Effect upon Interpersonal Attraction and Interaction. - ERIC|
Little is known about the implications of individual differences in privacy preferences. To explore the relationship between privacy preferences and the style and quality of social interaction in a first encounter, 77 of 320 college students completing the Privacy Preference Scale were grouped according to their low (20 male, 20 female) or high (17 male, 20 female) need for privacy. Subjects were tested for extraversion-introversion and anxiety level; measures of interpersonal attraction and int...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Higher Education; Individual Differences; Interaction; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Competence; Privacy
|ERIC ED346405: Expression of Power and Heterosexual Attraction. - ERIC|
Facial attractiveness has been the focus of considerable research in social psychology. Nonverbal behaviors emitted by the face may affect the perceived attractiveness of males and females differently. Visual behavior has particularly important functions in regulating social interaction and in establishing and conveying social power. Power and attractiveness may conflict, especially in American culture where men are attributed with more social, political, and economic power than women...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Sex Differences
|ERIC ED301836: Schema-Triggered Affect and Situational Concerns. - ERIC|
Fiske and her colleagues have argued that impression formation begins with the perceiver's attempt to match a new target person's personal attributes to those that characterize a familiar social category in memory. Results of a study testing this model found general support for it, but results for subjects who saw partial matches (the target was neither a good nor poor representation of a particular category) were less clear cut...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Behavior; College Students; Dating (Social); Females; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Mate Selection
|ERIC ED334477: Dating Relationships of Entering Freshmen: A Baseline Study of Courtship Violence. - ERIC|
This study established baseline data on the relationship attitudes and behaviors of entering first-year students. Subjects, 97 male and 178 female entering first-year students at a mid-sized regional mid-Atlantic public university, responded to a relationship questionnaire (for a response rate of 69%). Questions related to specific relationship behaviors were taken from L. P. Rouse's Dominance Motive and Dominance Possessiveness Scales...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Freshmen; Dating (Social); Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Social Behavior; Student Attitudes; Student Surveys; Violence
|ERIC ED225664: Who Gets More Attention When an Adult Plays with Two 7-Month-Old Infants? - ERIC|
Focusing on infants' physical attractiveness and behavior, this study explores reasons some infants receive greater amounts and different types of attention from adults than do others. Subjects were observed in 21 groups of three, consisting of one adult and two same-sex infants. Adult subjects were unmarried, childless undergraduate women interested in child care careers. Infant pairs brought to and left in a laboratory playroom were joined by an adult subject instructed to sit on the floor and...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attention; Bias; Child Caregivers; Day Care; Females; Individual Differences; Infant Behavior; Infants; Interpersonal Attraction; Undergraduate Students
|ERIC ED236496: Interpersonal Attraction: The Influence of Similarity, Perceived Correctness, and Importance of Causal Understanding. - ERIC|
Despite recent emphasis on the communicative function attributions may serve, little is actually known about the reactions of observers to individuals' causal statements regarding their own or others' behavioral outcomes. To rule out perceived accuracy as an alternative explanation of the effects of concordance of causal understanding on interpersonal evaluations, 80 students participated in a study presumably concerned with jury decision making...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attribution Theory; College Students; Congruence (Psychology); Evaluative Thinking; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Responses
|ERIC ED212925: On Confirming Others' Sex-Role Stereotypes. - ERIC|
Research studies concerned with sex-role stereotypes have noted that behavior is often shaped by expectations others hold about certain individuals. In one experiment, female undergraduates who expected to meet attractive desirable men portrayed themselves as more feminine and performed less intelligently on a bogus IQ test when they thought the man held conventional views of women. A follow-up study of this phenomenon indicated that female undergraduates applying for a Research Assistant positi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Conformity; Congruence (Psychology); Evaluation; Expectation; Females; Interpersonal Attraction; Nontraditional Occupations; Personality Traits; Physical Characteristics; Sex Role; Sex Stereotypes
|ERIC ED237209: "Don't Act Ugly!": Parents' Attractiveness-Based Judgments of Preschool Children. - ERIC|
Parents' reactions to the attractiveness of children and the influence of children's gender on parents' reactions were investigated. It was expected that, when rating attractive children, parents would give higher evaluations and have greater expectations than when rating unattractive children. It was further expected that parents would exhibit gender-based differences in their evaluations. Participating were 20 male and 33 female parents of preschool and elementary school children...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Attribution Theory; Children; Comparative Analysis; Interpersonal Attraction; Parent Attitudes; Photographs; Rating Scales; Sex Differences
|ERIC ED247494: Physical Attractiveness Stereotypes about Marriage: Attractiveness Matching Is Good. - ERIC|
Previous research on physical attractiveness stereotypes about marriage have used stimulus individuals in isolation. To examine these attractiveness stereotypes using couples as targets, 72 college students (36 females, 36 males) rated eight photographs of four male-female couple types. Members of each couple were either matched (attractive male/female, unattractive male/female) or different (unattractive male/attractive female, attractive male/unattractive female)...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Conformity; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Marital Satisfaction; Marital Status; Marriage; Physical Characteristics; Social Attitudes; Stereotypes
|ERIC ED203419: Homophily, Attraction, and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Situational Communication Apprehension in the Acquaintance Context. - ERIC|
A study was conducted to replicate (with improvements) some early research that attempted to identify significant predictors of communication apprehension. It was hypothesized that the dimensions of homophily, attraction, and situational self-esteem would be significant predictors of situational apprehension in the acquaintance context of relationships. An analysis of survey data from 261 college students revealed that situational self-esteem, physical attraction, and attitude homophily were sig...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Communication Apprehension; Communication Research; Higher Education; Interaction; Interpersonal Attraction; Predictor Variables; Research Methodology; Self Esteem
|ERIC ED249459: Intrapersonal Perceptions of Shyness and Humor as Related to Interpersonal Perceptions of Social Distance and Humorousness. - ERIC|
Although humor and laughter are most often based in fundamental social interactions, this element of communication has received little attention. To examine the socially facilitating effects of communication and social acceptance by analyzing children's intrapersonal perceptions of communication apprehension, or shyness, 169 children, aged 8 to 13 years, completed the Shyness/Humor Inventory. In addition, subjects completed the Classroom Social Distance Scale, interpersonal humor ratings, sociom...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Children; Classroom Environment; Classroom Research; Elementary Education; Humor; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Locus of Control; Perception
|ERIC ED355581: Cohesiveness and Interpersonal Attraction: A Selected, Annotated Basic Bibliography. - ERIC|
This 43-item selected, annotated bibliography on cohesiveness and interpersonal attraction includes books, journal articles and conference papers published between 1953 and 1990. The bibliography is in two parts. The first part consists of key sources, most of which have extensive bibliographies or lists of references. The second part consists of representative research on factors related to cohesiveness or interpersonal attraction...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Annotated Bibliographies; Classroom Communication; Communication Research; Family Communication; Group Dynamics; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Secondary Education
|ERIC ED255956: Sociometry and Classroom Seat Selection. - ERIC|
Since attraction and close proxemic distances have been found to be associated throughout the study of nonverbal communication, a study was conducted that hypothesized that attraction would be a more important predictor of seat selection than any other variables. Subjects included students enrolled in introductory speech communication classes who had known one another for three and a half months. Subjects were given a form that asked them to list in order of preference those classmates with whom...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Classroom Design; College Students; Communication Research; Interaction; Interpersonal Attraction; Nonverbal Communication; Personal Space; Proximity; Sociometric Techniques
|ERIC ED340466: Children's Self-Presentations with Infants: Age, Gender, and Race Comparisons. - ERIC|
This study examined gender and race differences in children's interactions with infants. Subjects were 53 black and white children between 8 and 10 years of age. An experimenter of the same race as the children presented them with a 6-week to 12-month-old infant of the same race. Children were photographed with the infant; while playing the role of the parent to the infant; and with a peer of the same race...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Age Differences; Blacks; Infants; Interpersonal Attraction; Parent Role; Peer Relationship; Preschool Children; Proximity; Racial Differences; Sex Differences; Whites
|ERIC ED251915: Small-Group Cooperative Learning. The Best of ERIC on Educational Management Number 76. - ERIC|
Annotations from 12 entries in the ERIC database were selected as significant and useful sources of information about small-group cooperative learning. Five of the citations are literature reviews. Among these is a meta-analysis, drawn from 217 studies, about the effects of cooperative learning on student achievement and interpersonal attraction; the analysis also identifies ways to improve and diversify future research...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Annotated Bibliographies; Elementary Secondary Education; Group Dynamics; Interpersonal Attraction; Literature Reviews; Small Group Instruction
|ERIC ED367939: Why Do I Like You? Students' Understanding of the Impact of the Factors That Contribute to Liking. - ERIC|
A study examined the impact of both gender and college experience on judgments of the importance of its factors that determine liking. Seniors and freshmen completed a survey on friend relationships. Participants provided demographic information about a best friend (i.e., where the friend is now, age, and sex), and rated the importance of similarity, proximity, familiarity, warmth, sincerity, competence, and physical attractiveness in the friendship...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attachment Behavior; College Freshmen; College Seniors; Familiarity; Friendship; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Competence; Interpersonal Relationship; Proximity
|ERIC ED186956: Violating Interpersonal Distancing Expectations, Distraction and Reward on Source Attraction, Credibility and Persuasion. - ERIC|
The role of two nonverbal variables, conversational distance and physical self-presentation, were examined as potential sources of distraction and for their consequent effects on susceptibility to persuasion. The distraction literature was reviewed and synthesized into five propositions, which served as a starting point for predicting how distraction should generally affect persuasion. A model of conversational distancing violations was then adapted to predict how nonverbal variables specificall...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Skills; Credibility; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Competence; Interpersonal Relationship; Nonverbal Communication; Persuasive Discourse; Psychological Patterns; Speech Communication
|ERIC ED212920: Anticipated Rewards vs. Dissonance Explanations of Interpersonal Attraction. - ERIC|
In his discussion of interpersonal balance theory Heider postulated that unit relationships induce sentiment relationships. The relationship between anticipated interaction and interpersonal attraction was examined with female high school seniors (N=109) who read a description of a fictitious student and rated that student as someone they would like or dislike. Subjects were told that: (1) they would participate in a dyad to work on problem-solving tasks (work condition) or to discuss various to...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Ability; Adolescents; Expectation; Females; Human Relations; Interaction; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Peer Evaluation; Problem Solving; Sociometric Techniques; Teamwork
|ERIC ED306036: Parental Reactions to Transgressions by Babyfaced and Maturefaced 4 and 11 Year Old Children. - ERIC|
Recent studies on parental disciplinary practices focus on children's attributes that influence harshness of discipline. The present study examined the effects of facial babyishness on parents' recommendations regarding the discipline of 4- and 11-year-old children who had perpetrated an act of commission or of omission. It was predicted that the actions of babyfaced children would be perceived as less intentional, and that babyfaced children would be punished less harshly than their maturefaced...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Age Differences; Behavior Problems; Children; Individual Characteristics; Interpersonal Attraction; Parent Attitudes; Parent Child Relationship; Punishment
|ERIC ED351661: The Perceived Relationship between Physical Attractiveness and Social Influence Effectiveness. - ERIC|
The power of beauty has been contemplated by writers, poets, and philosophers for centuries. The link between the target physical attractiveness and perceived social influence effectiveness has not been directly and systematically investigated. The goal of this study was to assess whether physically attractive (versus unattractive) individuals are perceived as possessing different amounts and types of interpersonal power...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Higher Education; Individual Power; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Competence; Interpersonal Relationship; Physical Attractiveness; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED288136: Working with Fusion in Lesbian Couples. - ERIC|
The phenomena of fusion within a lesbian relationship is described in a six-phased model. Fusion in relationships is defined as two incomplete people coming together in an attempt to make one more complete whole, the merging of two ego boundaries. The six phases discussed include ecstacy, getting married, the routine, depression/withdrawal, pulling apart/conflict, and ecstacy, again. Attention is focused on clinical considerations and therapeutic interventions...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attachment Behavior; Counseling Objectives; Counseling Techniques; Females; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Interpersonal Relationship; Lesbianism; Models
|ERIC ED233257: The Effects of Empathy on Perceptions of a Self-Discloser. - ERIC|
Listening to an intimate self-diclosure does not always generate attraction for the revealer. One factor which may influence the relationship between disclosure and attraction is emotional empathy (i.e, an observer's reacting emotionally because he/she perceives that another is experiencing an emotion). To investigate whether emotional empathy on the part of the listener would increase the effect of a negative, intimate self-disclosure on attraction to the revealer, female undergraduates (N=86) ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Measures; College Students; Empathy; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Interpersonal Relationship; Personality Traits; Responsibility; Self Expression
|ERIC ED289089: Gender Differences in Same-Sex Friendships and Romantic Relationships. - ERIC|
An investigation of differences in the friendship patterns of men and of women reported that women appeared to be expressive in their friendship styles while men's same-sex friendships were best characterized as being instrumental. To examine these differences further, a study was conducted which investigated the relationship of friendship and romance. Sixty male and 34 female college students who had a same-sex best friend and who were involved in an exclusive dating relationship completed Rubi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Dating (Social); Friendship; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Jealousy; Sex Differences; Social Support Groups
|ERIC ED330017: Teaching Interpersonal Communication through an Analysis of Students' Initial Interaction: A Q-Methodological Study of Styles in Meeting People. - ERIC|
A study categorized self-perceptions of subjects regarding their feelings about initial communication interaction. Using Q-Technique, a total of 138 subjects, mostly students at a midsized, midwestern, urban university enrolled in interpersonal communication courses, were studied through the use of two structured Q-sorts containing statements about nonverbal communication, verbal communication, physical setting, social setting, and decisionmaking...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Body Language; College Students; Communication Research; Discourse Analysis; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Personality Assessment; Personality Measures; Personality Traits; Q Methodology; Rapport; Social Cognition
|ERIC ED315712: Client Judgement of Therapist Characteristics: A Factor in Treatment Outcome. - ERIC|
This study, based on Strong's (1968) model of therapy as social influence, focused on the relationship between clients' judgments of therapists' characteristics and the outcomes of their treatment for generalized anxiety. Thirty subjects and 15 therapists met in 12 individual therapy sessions using Progressive Relaxation Training combined with either cognitive or nondirective therapy procedures. After three sessions and also at the end of the sessions, clients' judgments of their therapists' exp...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Measures; Anxiety; Attitude Measures; Counselor Characteristics; Counselor Client Relationship; Counselor Evaluation; Counselor Performance; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Outcomes of Treatment; Relaxation Training; Therapy
|ERIC ED314668: Perceptions of Characteristics Considered Attractive by the Other Gender. - ERIC|
Rating adjectives, 54 female and 53 male college students indicated their own preferences in dating partners or their perceptions of the other gender's preferences. The men rated good looks and physical health higher than the women did, while the women valued industriousness more than the men did. Both men and women valued intelligence more than they thought the other sex valued intelligence, and both felt that the other sex valued a dominating partner more than subjects of the other sex actuall...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Measures; College Students; Comparative Analysis; Dating (Social); Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Mate Selection; Personality Traits; Sex Differences; Social Attitudes; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED327797: Counselor Attractiveness, Similarity, and Session Impact: A Field Study. - ERIC|
Past research has suggested that interpersonal influence in counseling is enhanced as clients perceive their counselors to be interpersonally attractive and similar to themselves. This study examined the relationship of specific verbal and nonverbal cues to perceived counselor attractiveness in a field setting, and explored the relation between perceived counselor attractiveness and session impact, the client's perception of the qualities of a therapeutic session, and their feelings about the se...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Congruence (Psychology); Counseling Effectiveness; Counselor Characteristics; Counselor Client Relationship; Cues; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Outcomes of Treatment; Physical Attractiveness
|ERIC ED356597: Unlikely Alliances: Friendship & People with Developmental Disabilities. - ERIC|
This discussion of friendship in the lives of people with developmental disabilities raises questions which probe the nature of friendship, friendship between people with and without disabilities, and the special challenges involved in making and keeping friends. First, four dimensions of friendship are identified and discussed: (1) attraction (the "something" that draws friends to one another); (2) embodiment (the particular ways people physically enact friendship); (3) power (the extent and wa...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Context Effect; Developmental Disabilities; Friendship; Helping Relationship; Individual Development; Individual Power; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Competence; Interpersonal Relationship; Normalization (Handicapped); Peer Relationship
|ERIC ED267333: Sociometric Status and Sex Differences in Children's Friendship Preferences. - ERIC|
The relationship between altruistic behavior and popularity found in young children becomes much less defined with older children. In a paired-comparison procedure, 144 children from two elementary schools ranked the relative attractiveness as a potential friend of four fictional children described as altruistic, prosocial-aggressive, good at sports, or group-oriented. The sociometric status of the children on these variables was also assessed, in addition to liking measures...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Age Differences; Altruism; Elementary Education; Elementary School Students; Foreign Countries; Friendship; Grade 3; Grade 6; Interpersonal Attraction; Preadolescents; Prosocial Behavior; Sex Differences; Social Behavior
|ERIC ED217496: Communication and Interracial Conflict: The Role of Disagreement, Prejudice, and Physical Attraction on the Choice of Mixed Race, Mixed Sex Work-Partners. - ERIC|
In a study of how race versus shared belief affected work partner choice, 91 white college students, most of them from the southern United States, participated in group discussions of topics that were relevant or irrelevant to racial prejudice. Members of each group, in addition to the one subject, were one Hispanic male, one Hispanic female, one white male, and one white female, all of whom were "confederates" in the experiments and varied their agreement and disagreement with the subject's vie...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Behavioral Science Research; Communication Research; Conflict; Congruence (Psychology); Females; Higher Education; Hispanic Americans; Interpersonal Attraction; Males; Peer Relationship; Racial Bias
|ERIC ED239149: Choice of Friends over the Life Span: Developmental and Environmental Influences. Report No. 345. - ERIC|
Previous research on friendship selection has failed to focus on how the selection process changes with age or in differently organized environments. This review of the literature takes a life-course perspective on the selection of friends, charting research results on three aspects of the selection process: (1) the number of friends and their proximity; (2) the visible features of friends such as age, sex, and race; and (3) characteristics of friendships and similarity of friends...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Age Differences; Educational Environment; Friendship; Individual Characteristics; Interpersonal Attraction; Peer Relationship; Predictor Variables; Racial Factors; Sex Differences; Social Development; Social Environment; Social Networks
|ERIC ED234327: What Is Beautiful Feels Good: Affective Reactions to Physical Attractiveness. - ERIC|
Previous research has consistently demonstrated that variations in physical attractiveness elicit different evaluative and behavioral responses. To assess differences in affective responses to variations in physical attractiveness and the affect of sex on those responses, 76 college students (31 male and 45 female) viewed colored slides of an attractive or unattractive member of the same or opposite sex...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Behavior; Attribution Theory; Behavior Patterns; Bias; College Students; Emotional Response; Evaluation Criteria; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Sex Differences; Social Cognition
|ERIC ED203413: The Impact of Social Style on Person Perception and Attraction across Three Relationship Contexts. - ERIC|
A study investigated the relationship between social style and a number of dimensions of person perception and interpersonal attraction. Social style was defined as a two-dimensional construct of assertiveness and responsiveness, which combined to reflect four social styles. Five hypotheses predicted that differences in social style would result in different perceptions of versatility, trust, power, credibility, and attraction...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Assertiveness; Attitude Measures; Behavioral Science Research; College Students; Communication Research; Individual Characteristics; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Competence; Interpersonal Relationship; Measures (Individuals); Personality Traits; Predictor Variables
|ERIC ED262443: Contextual Determinants of Perceptions of Children's Communicator Style and Social Attractiveness. - ERIC|
A study examined whether the context in which interaction occurs would lead to any differences in adult perceptions of the relationship between children's communicator style and social attractiveness. Because previous research has indicated that teachers find children to be attractive when they communicate with friendly, relaxed, and attentive styles, it was hypothesized that nonteaching adults might find children to be attractive if they display slightly different communicator styles...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adult Child Relationship; Classroom Communication; Communication Research; Communication (Thought Transfer); Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Nonverbal Communication; Primary Education; Social Behavior; Speech Communication; Teacher Attitudes; Young Children